With the rapid development of China's economy, the pig industry is specialized, large-scale, intensive direction, many large-scale domestic pig farms also came into being.
The production area includes all kinds of pig houses and production facilities, which is the main building area in the pig farm. The general building area accounts for 70% ~ 80% of the total gross floor area. The pig house is separated from other pig houses Area.
The breeding area should be located in the flow of people and the upper reaches of the pig farm, the boar in the breeding area of the boar, to prevent the sow smell on the boar to form a bad stimulus, and can use the boar odor to stimulate sows estrus, childbirth Homes are close to the breeding house, but also close to nurturing pig house.
Fattening pig house should be located in the next wind direction, and from the pig closer. In the design, so that the direction of the pig and the local summer wind leading to 30 to 60 degrees, so that each row of pig in the summer to get the best ventilation conditions.
In short, should be based on local natural conditions, make full use of favorable factors, so in the layout to do the most favorable production. In the production area of the entrance, should be set up a special disinfection or sterilization pool, in order to enter the production area of personnel and vehicles for strict disinfection.
2. Feeding area
Feeding management areas, including pig farm production management necessary ancillary buildings, such as feed processing workshops, feed storage, repair shop; substation, boiler room, water pump room. They are closely related to the daily feeding work, so this area should be established adjacent to the production area.
3. Pigs isolation and manure storage
Sick pig isolation and stool dumps These buildings should be located away from the production area, located in the lower wind, low-lying areas, so as not to affect the production of herds.
4. Veterinary room
Should be located in the production area, only the area to open the door, in order to facilitate the treatment of pigs, usually located in the next direction.
5. living area
Including office, reception room, finance room, canteens, dormitories, etc., which is the place where the daily life of the managers and their families should be set up separately. Generally located in the production area of the wind, or parallel to the wind side. In addition, the pig farm should be built around the wall or set up epidemic prevention ditch, in order to prevent the harm and avoid the miscellaneous personnel into the field area.
Road to the normal production activities, health and epidemic prevention and improve work efficiency plays an important role. The road should be net, dirty road, do not cross each other, the entrance is separated, the net function is the people and feed, the transport of products, sewage for the transport of feces, sick pigs and waste equipment dedicated road.
7. Water tower
Water tower from the water tower is a clean water supply of the normal supply of the guarantee, the location of choice to adapt to the water conditions, and should be arranged at the highest point of the pig farm.
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