What are the key elements for the construction of new pig farms
The construction of a new farm, in the design should take full account of pig farm construction, climate conditions, pig farm site selection, feed formulations and laws and regulations of the direction of the problem, so as to minimize the construction of variables.
In the early stages of planning and designing a new large swine farm, it is necessary to consider all aspects of the construction plan, and one of the most interesting issues is the most important factor in ensuring the success of the pig farm construction.
This problem is closely related to the construction of pig farms, where appropriate construction and climate systems are of the utmost importance. In recent decades, most pig farms have made great strides in planning and design, but we are surprised to find that even in some new farms, there are many aspects of unsatisfactory, although it can be attributed to the lack of budget , But the compromise during construction may have some adverse consequences for aquaculture production. We will discuss this in depth.
The climatic conditions in Asia are changing
Asian climate change, experienced a variety of natural conditions change. Winter is cold and dry in the north, hot and humid in the south of the summer; in some areas there are serious storms and typhoons, which will affect the choice of pig house construction and climate system.
The number of new farms is growing, and qualified employees are becoming more and more difficult to find; even the selection of high-performance genetic varieties, may also be more sensitive to extreme climatic conditions; in the hot season, Fertility, feed conversion and heat stress will be affected, and the ideal pig house construction and climate system can alleviate these factors of production changes. A well-kept pig house building and a well-managed ventilation system helps to conserve heat and improve air quality in the pig house.
Warm effect is poor or air leakage
If the pig's warming effect is poor or air leakage, in the best case to maintain the temperature stability, but often the situation is poor air circulation, harmful gases increased, increased humidity, thereby increasing the risk of respiratory disease. Under normal circumstances, the poor warming effect or the leakage of the pig's cooling system can not play well.
It is important to know that the temperature of each stage of the growth of the pig is more stringent, and that the difference between the highest and the lowest temperature is rather small, which is the so-called thermal neutral field in which the pig exhibits the best performance This is also the goal we are trying to achieve (Figure 1).
What are the key elements for the construction of new pig farms?
Figure 1 China's Lianyungang near a new pig farms
In the design of the farm, it is necessary to summarize the climatic conditions of the farm's location and use the information to design the optimal farm planning and indoor layout.
As we all know, the highest proportion of production costs is the cost of feed. Efforts should be made to find effective rearing strategies, ways to increase utilization or reduce waste, improve recipe or rearing techniques to save feed costs, and even small improvements can lead to significant profit margins.
New technology and automation are also important in the new pig farm with traceability equipment. Information technology helps to quickly collect accurate data and information, to help operators to make effective business decisions, so the qualifications of employees are getting higher and higher demand is growing.
Regulations on pollution, emissions and odors
The rapid development of the livestock industry is bound to promote the corresponding legislation, including pollution, emissions, smell, resources and animal welfare. The content of these legislation may soon be implemented, so these factors should be taken into account when designing the farm.
The above content is only in the design phase need to focus on several aspects, in the design process to try to consider, and as much as possible to reduce the variables.